February is all about bringing the spotlight to Ovarian Cancer the silent killer that lurks amongst us….
- Ovarian cancer tends to present with a pelvic mass, so I’ve included a differential diagnosis for this.
- I’ve also described efforts to develop an ovarian screening programme – the UKFOCSS trial is currently underway to investigate its effectiveness.
Anatomy of the female reproductive system
- the ovaries are a pair of small oval-shaped organs located in the female pelvis. They are the female equivalent of the testes. They function as gonads by producing female germ cells called ova, and also as endocrine glands which secrete the female sex hormones oestrogen and progesterone.
- they lie on either side of the body of the uterus beneath the uterine tubes, within a double-layered sheet of peritoneum called the broad ligament.
- they consist of an outer cortex, which contains the ovarian follicles, and an inner medulla containing blood vessels, nerves and lymphatics.
- the ovaries are surrounded by a thin fibrous capsule called the tunica albuginea, which is covered externally by a modified layer of peritoneum called the germinal epithelium.
- the fimbriae…
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